The practice of putting water into the soil at constant intervals is referred to as irrigation. There are four major ways in which irrigation can be done. The greatest method is the surface method irrigation. In this method water is distributed to the soil by gravity. Water is channeled to the field through various ways such as siphons, gated pipes and turn out structures. For this method to be done the land must be flat and gently sloping and the soil must have a medium to a soft texture. Sprinkler irrigation is the other mode of irrigation. This method involves sprinkling of water to the air and let it get to the plants like rain. The method is quite costly since one requires a good amount of money to purchase equipment needed for the method such as pipes and sprinklers. The the benefit of this method is that it can be used regardless of the terrain.
Drip is another irrigation method. Emitters are used to apply water to the soil inform of drops or streams in this method. All soil types are viable for use with this method. The other irrigation method is the subsurface irrigation. Water is put below the soil surface in this irrigation method. One factor that may cause variations in the depth of water table. Irrigation has been of great impact to the society today. The greatest advantage of irrigation is that it has helped to protect crops against drought. Crops are able to thrive well and therefore great harvest is experienced. Irrigation has helped to improve food security in countries and therefore reducing hunger-related mortality.
Another advantage of irrigation is that it helps to conserve soil nutrients. Leaching can be caused by runoff water which is brought about by manual watering. The another benefit of irrigation is to reduce the time needed by a plant to grow. The plants more appealing a more green and this helps to manufacture plant food faster through photosynthesis. This helps to save on the time that could be wasted if the plants developed stunted growth. Irrigation also reduces the chances of weed growth in the land. Only areas that have crops will be facilitated with water in the case of an irrigation system. There are minimal chances of weeds to grow as a result of irrigation. There is great time management due to irrigation. One is able to conserve the time that he or she would have used to water the land manually.
Application of irrigation has benefited in changing formally unproductive land into good use. More land has been kept into great use as a result of irrigation this reducing land wastage. Land irrigation is an easy task because apart from tap water one can use surface water-groundwater as well as recycled water. Irrigation are easy to find since they are readily available in the market and a person can as well order them online. There are many online ventures that have specialized in the selling of irrigation equipment at fair prices that is friendly to one’s pockets.